The 2012 Toyota Tacoma arrives with a new look inside and out, new and more sophisticated audio choices, and the same basic mechanical underpinnings that have made it a favorite in its class for almost a decade.
Tacoma owns the compact pickup market. Toyota sold more than 106,000 Tacomas in 2010, which is nearly twice as many trucks as the Tacoma's nearest competitor.
The Tacoma was named Most Dependable Midsize Pickup in the J.D. Power & Associates 2011 Vehicle Dependability Study, and Intellichoice called it a 2011 Best Overall Value in the compact pickup segment.
Like any serious pickup, the Tacoma comes in a wide range of configurations to please a wide range of buyers. But every 2012 Tacoma will greet the world with a new grille, engine hood, front fenders, and front bumper. The new look is at once both fresh and familiar. You'll know it's the new Tacoma the moment you see it.
Inside, the instrument cluster, center stack, and steering wheel are all new or significantly changed as well. The audio systems begin with four-speaker AM/FM/CD stereo with auxiliary input, and range all the way up to a seven-speaker JBL GreenEdge system with Bluetooth, navigation, and Toyota Entune.
All Tacomas come with air conditioning and, more importantly, Toyota's Star Safety System, which includes anti-lock brakes (ABS), Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD), Brake Assist, Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) and Traction Control (TC). An Automatic Limited-Slip Differential (Auto-LSD), which uses brake intervention in place of a mechanical-type limited-slip to help reduce wheel-spin, is standard on all Tacoma models with the exception of those fitted with TRD Off-Road packages, like our test model; those will have a separate locking differential.
For those who drive hard, there is a dealer-installed TRD Big Brake system developed by engineers with the Toyota Technical Center and Toyota Racing Development to provide effective braking performance under sustained heavy use. It improves pedal feel and substantially reduces brake fade from repeated high-speed applications.
The Tacoma offers a comfortable cab, a refined ride, and quality construction. Its on-road handing is responsive; its off-road capability is proven. The Double Cab delivers more rear-seat comfort than most of the competition, with enough room to rival a small sedan. Properly equipped V6 models can to tow up to 6,500 pounds.
Models range from a basic work truck with a four-cylinder engine and 2WD to a loaded V6 4WD Double Cab Long Bed. The base model is among the few regular-cab pickups still available, as the market has moved to extended-cab and crew cab styles; it excels at durability and reliability. Our test model was a 4WD V6 Access Cab with the TRD package.
Tacoma PreRunner models can make you feel like you're practicing for the Baja 1000, while the sporty X-Runner may make you feel like you're preparing to take it sports car racing.
Compact pickups aren't what they once were. For one thing, they have not been compact for many years, they're midsize. Nor are they uncomfortable. They're more comfortable and more capable than ever before.
Toyota Tacoma Regular Cab 2.7-liter L4 5-speed manual ($16,875); with 4-speed automatic ($17,775); Access Cab 5M ($19,665); with 4A ($20,565); Double Cab 4A ($22,175); PreRunner Access Cab 4A ($21,325); PreRunner V6 Access Cab with 5A ($22,760); X-Runner V6 Access Cab 6M ($26,380); PreRunner L4 Double Cab 4A ($22,825); PreRunner V6 Double Cab 5A ($24,260); PreRunner Long Bed V6 Double Cab 5A ($24,760); 4WD Regular Cab L4 5M ($20,725); 4WD Regular Cab L4 4A ($21,855); 4WD Access Cab L4 5M ($23,500); 4WD Access Cab L4 4A ($24,400); 4WD V6 Access Cab 6M ($25,055); 4WD V6 Access Cab 5A ($25,935); 4WD V6 Double Cab 6M ($26,455); 4WD V6 Double Cab 5A ($27,355); 4WD V6 Long Bed Double Cab 5A ($27,835)
The 2012 Tacoma is all-new from the A-pillar forward: new engine hood, new headlights, new fog light housings, new bumper fascias, and new front grilles on all grades. But you'll recognize it instantly.
Your first clue is the familiar, sturdy arch over the top and sides of the grille, brightly plated on SR5's and TRD Off-Roads, body color on base models and on the more sporty variants. A slightly protruding inner grille of black plastic now echoes and emphasizes this Toy-truck hallmark. The trapezoidal shape leaves a gap between grille and headlights, and where the previous Tacoma filled this space with little side grilles, for 2102 reshaped headlight housings extend inward to cover the same area.
The lower air opening, previously just slit in body-colored fascia, is now more prominent as well; gripped between a body-color arch at the top (again, the arch theme) and a grey pseudo-skidplate below; it now suggests the menacing mouth of some bottom-feeding fish. Fog light nacelles, previous functional tunnels in the fascia, now wear their own elaborate, surrounding shape. In short, it's the familiar Tacoma face, only more so. We think it looks tougher and more rugged without going over the top.
Overall length of the Tacoma varies by body style: Regular Cabs are the shortest and most maneuverable, measuring 190.4 inches overall on a 109.6-inch wheelbase. Access Cab and Double Cab short-bed models have a 127.4-inch wheelbase and 208.1-inch overall length. Double Cab long-bed models are quite long at 221.3 inches overall on a 140.6-inch wheelbase. All models have six-foot beds except the Double Cab short-bed, which has a five-foot bed.
How to choose? Regular Cab models pack lots of cargo space in a relatively small package, good for maneuverability in the big city. Regular Cab 4WD models also have the best break-over angle due to their short length, and therefore offer the best capability off road. Access Cabs feature large dual rear auxiliary doors, not good for people but very good for gear. Double Cabs have long, conventionally hinged rear doors that open 80 degrees for ease of entry or loading gear. Double Cabs offer the people-carrying comfort of a sport-utility. Long-bed Double Cabs can carry more stuff but are unwieldy in tight places.
The Tacoma comes with a composite inner bed, lighter than steel yet tougher and more durable. The bed features two-tier loading and an integrated deck rail utility system with four adjustable tie-down cleats. The rails are compatible with numerous Genuine Toyota Accessories, including cargo-bed cross bars, a fork-mount bike rack, and other useful items.
The 2012 Tacoma gets a redesigned interior, yet it still feels familiar. The basic shape of the instrument panel is the same, but the center stack is now blacked out for better contrast; and has been redesigned to accommodate new climate and audio controls. High-contrast black trim now appears on switch bezels and the inner doors as well.
2012 Tacoma models come with an interesting new steering wheel with a rectangular hub, dark-colored spokes at 3 and 9 o'clock, and brushed-metal-look spokes at 5 and 7. Where the bright spokes meet the hub they open up into square, black control pads for audio and other functions.
Behind the wheel are new instrument faces for 2012, retaining last year's three-pod configuration but replacing the orange night-vision theme with red pointers and broad blue bands. It sure looks more high-tech; whether it's actually more readable is another matter, as orange (or red) is considered by pilots to be best for night vision.
A new AM/FM Satellite Radio-capable head unit comes with a single-disc CD player and built-in Bluetooth for hands-free jaw-jacking.
V6-powered Double Cabs offer a more deluxe display audio system with all the hot digital candy, including navigation, Toyota Entune services, XM Satellite Radio (with 90-day trial subscription), HD Radio with iTunes tagging and text/e-mail-to-voice; all playing at premium quality through a JBL GreenEdge audio system with seven speakers. (GreenEdge technology helps reduce fuel consumption by lowering the electric power demand on the vehicle.)
The Toyota Entune system combines popular mobile applications and data services, with three years of complimentary access. Once a smart phone is connected to the vehicle using Bluetooth or a USB cable, Entune's features are operated using the vehicle's controls or, for some services, by voice recognition. Entune includes Bing and Pandora; plus real-time info including traffic, weather, fuel prices, sports and stocks. Apps available in spring 2012 at no additional charge will include iHeartRadio, MovieTickets.com and OpenTable. See toyota.com/entune for details.
But wait, there's more: SR5's get a new seat fabric, although it looks to us exactly like the old stuff. More significantly, TRD models now benefit from a water-resistant fabric, and all Access and Double Cabs are now available with heavy-duty all-weather flooring, which we used to call rubber before carpeting became ubiquitous.
The lower dash and console are still a lighter color than the main upper dash, brightening the interior; and trim rings still surround the three clustered gauges. The driver's seat is now height-adjustable, answering a complaint we've had in the past. Overall, the Tacoma provides the driver with a good driving position, and big mirrors afford a good view to the rear. Excellent grab handles on both A-pillars.
We found the TRD package's upgraded seats and interior nice, if costly. The sport bucket seats with driver lumbar support were made of a sturdy gray fabric and had excellent bolstering. There was an overhead console with compass and temperature gauge, as well.
Cup holders are provided in the center console area. On models that don't have sport seats, the front passenger's seatback flips down to form a tray table or to make room for long objects, a handy feature. The switchgear is easy to operate, and everything is where you expect it to be. Big rotary knobs make it easy to adjust cabin temperature even with gloves on; the knobs are electronic, so they're easy to twist. The radio is fully integrated into the upper center stack and it's easy to operate. CDs sound good through the JBL speakers. Models with automatics come with a foot-operated parking brake, while the manual transmission models use a pull-out handbrake from the past that we weren't thrilled with, on our test model. However we were totally thrilled with the air conditioning, which blasts real cold real fast.
The rear seats in the Tacoma Double Cab are particularly comfortable for the class, offering good legroom and shoulder room and decent headroom. The seatback is angled back slightly, making it more comfortable than the overly upright rear seats in some other compact pickups. In a back-to-back comparison test, we found the back seats of the Tacoma more comfortable than those in the Nissan Frontier. A younger person should be okay to ride across the state back there, and even adults won't complain too much on short trips. The rear windows even go all the way down.
The rear-seat area in the Double Cab is also good for carrying cargo. The seat is split 60/40. Flip the seat bottoms forward and fold the two sections down to form a flat platform for gear. It takes two hands to do this, and you first have to remove the headrests, which is a hassle, though Toyota has at least provided a place to store them. The backs of the seatbacks are hard, and form a sturdy cargo floor. It's not a bad spot for a dog, better than the bumpy floors in the Nissan Frontier and Dodge Dakota, but still a big jump down. Our experience has been that none of the trucks in this class is particularly good for dogs.
The Access Cab has rear seats, with the access coming on the passenger side only, but there isn't enough room for adults. The two kids we sentenced to the rear of our Access Cab are 5-feet and 5-feet, 5 inches tall, and they were okay back there for a short ride, but would rather have ridden in the bed with the dog.
The Toyota Tacoma drives well and cruises nicely. It offers plenty of power from the V6. It handles well and feels relatively refined. Off-road models offer commendable capability over rugged terrain and good ride comfort, as well.
The 4.0-liter V6 engine uses dual overhead camshafts and variable valve technology (Toyota calls it VVT-i, for Variable Valve Timing with intelligence) to optimize power and torque over a broad range of rpm. In action, the V6 feels refined and delivers responsive performance. It is rated at 236 horsepower and a strong 266 pound-feet of torque.
Toyota's 4.0-liter V6 works well with the 5-speed automatic transmission. And that's our first choice for this truck: The V6 and automatic. Its MSRP is only $1435 more than the 4-cylinder with 4-speed automatic. The automatic is super smooth and very responsive, quickly downshifting when you mash the throttle, and it offers five ratios to better keep the engine at its most efficient rpm. For its part, the 6-speed manual transmission is easy to shift, but first gear is a very low ratio, leaving a broad stretch to second. The automatic even delivers better gas mileage, according to the latest EPA estimates, with 17/21 mpg City/Highway; vs. 15/19 for the V6 and manual with 2WD and 16/21 for the V6 and manual with 4WD.
Our test model was a 4WD V6 Access Cab with the 6-speed manual transmission and the TRD Sport Package, which stiffens the ride and handling with a suspension that's more firmly tuned, mostly by the Bilstein shocks. But it's not too firm. And it's not as much of a hot rod as the X Runner, however. After the shocks, 17-inch alloy wheels and wider profile tires, which definitely improve cornering, the TRD package contains mostly cosmetic things. TRD stands for Toyota Racing Development, but if you expect extra speed you'll be disappointed. The V6 engine has the same good power. It's easy to peel out and lay down a chirp when upshifting to second gear, even with the wider tires that come with the TRD package. And the excellent torque makes it easy to cruise in 5th and 6th gears, without needing to downshift to accelerate.
The 6-speed gearbox the same long throws, which take downshifts well. It's a good, solid truck transmission, without a lot of room for error; you have to press your foot all the way to the floor when shifting gears or you'll hear a crunch.
The 2.7-liter four-cylinder engine gets better mileage and runs on regular gas. As with the V6, the four-cylinder benefits from VVT-i and dohc, which means it's a modern, sophisticated engine. It is rated at 159 horsepower and 180 pound-feet of torque, which is about average for the class. EPA estimates are 21/25 mpg with 2WD and the 5-speed manual, and 19/24 mpg for 2WD with the 4-speed automatic.
Handling is quite good on curvy roads. The Tacoma feels steady in sweeping turns and suffers from surprisingly little body roll, or lean, in hard corners. The Tacoma feels big on the road when compared with older compact pickups and, in fact, it is relatively large.
Size can be a detriment when parking, and a long-bed Double Cab can be a challenge in tight parking situations due to the amount of space it requires to turn. The Tacoma Double Cab long bed requires 44 feet to complete a circle, while a Double Cab short bed needs a little over 40 feet. For this reason, we recommend the short bed unless you really need to carry something that won't fit in it. A base Tacoma Regular Cab boasts a turning circle of less than 37 feet.
On pavement, the 4WD and TRD Off-road models seemed smooth and refined. Off-road, a 4WD TRD model is smooth and highly capable. The TRD suspension is excellent on rough, rugged terrain. It handles well on rough dirt trails, something we learned while charging up a ski run at Alyeska. It never bottomed on the rough terrain even when we pushed it well beyond socially acceptable standards. The Tacoma TRD also easily handled an off-road course that featured steep ascents and descents, moguls, and a log step. In short, we'd feel comfortable tackling just about any terrain in a Toyota Tacoma. And it doesn't just get there; it does it in relative comfort. The Tacoma doesn't seem to generate as much head toss as earlier 4WD compact pickups, an important consideration when driving long distances over rugged terrain, because you don't want to arrive to your backcountry camp fatigued from driving.
Switching into 4WD and 4WD Lo is as easy as twisting a rotary knob. It works very well, for the most part.
The Tacoma's brakes are smooth and easy to modulate, and they can bring the truck to quick halt without drama. The rear brakes are drums, however, less desirable than the rear disc brakes that come on some of the other pickups in this class. The available TRD Big Brake system uses floating 13x1.25-inch directionally vented rotors, forged aluminum four-piston fixed calipers, larger pads with higher coefficients of friction, and braided steel brake lines.
The 4Runner X-Runner is a lot of fun to drive and handles like a sports car. It corners flat and generates lots of grip in the curves. We pushed it hard up a hill climb and were not able to reach its cornering limits. It tracks well and is very stable in tight corners even when spinning the inside rear tire under full throttle. The ride is firm, however; we didn't care for the feel of the clutch pedal, the steering was vague on-center, and there was that aforementioned inside rear-wheel spin. Wind noise seems higher in the X-Runner than in the other models. But much of this is nitpicking. This is a tight, sporty truck, and probably the best of the genre. There's no cowl shake. The exhaust sounds cool. If you want a truck that can hang with a sports car, the X-Runner is the ticket.
The Toyota Tacoma is among the best of the current generation of midsize pickups. The Tacoma features a comfortable cab trimmed with quality materials. The 4WD models offer crisp handling, a nicely balanced ride quality, and excellent off-road capability. The TRD Off-Road models are terrific trucks for rugged terrain. The X-Runner drives and performs like a sports car.