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Tesla Model S generational hero

Tesla Model S

It’s no exaggeration to say that today's proliferation of electric cars is the direct result of the success of Tesla and specifically the groundbreaking Model S. This four-door liftback sedan revolutionized EVs, turning them from short-range, funny-looking science experiments into full-fledged, desirable luxury cars with the range of a conventional gasoline-powered sedan. Thanks to continual updates, the Tesla Model S holds its own against newer competitors in terms of speed, creature comforts, and looks.

Latest generation
2012 - present
2012-present Tesla Model S generation
$48,998 - $75,998*
Model S shoppers often view these similar vehicles

2012 - present

2012-present Tesla Model S generation

The Tesla Model S was the company’s breakthrough model, designed from the ground up as an electric car from the outset. It continues to be a benchmark for an all-electric luxury sedan.

Unlike every other automaker, Tesla iterates on the same vehicle over a long period of time rather than introducing new generations every few years. Today’s Model S looks similar to the original that went on sale in 2012, but under the skin there have been dramatic changes. Overall range has grown from a maximum of 265 miles to more than 400 miles today, all-wheel drive is an option, and power has increased dramatically. Tesla’s eight-year/150,000 mile battery warranty ensures at least 70% of original capacity, providing used-car shoppers peace of mind. You can charge at home or at a public charging station using an adapter, or you can take advantage of Tesla’s exclusive network of Supercharger fast-charging stations.

The styling was subtly tweaked for a sleeker look in 2016, and the interior received a thorough upgrade in 2021. The company also knows how to have fun, giving its most powerful features and models tongue-in-cheek names inspired by the Mel Brooks’ sci-fi spoof Spaceballs, like the Ludicrous acceleration mode or the Plaid high-performance model that debuted for 2021. Though the names may be silly, the car is no joke, and it remains a strong competitor even against newer EVs from established luxury brands. 

What you can expect to pay for a 2018 - 2020 Tesla Model S

Median Tesla Model S price at CarMax in the last 60 days
Range of Tesla Model S prices at CarMax in the last 60 days

Model highlights

  • Model S Plaid features more than 1,000 hp, blistering acceleration

  • Over-the-air (OTA) updates to vehicle software keep older models up-to-date

  • Available with folding rear-facing third row (until 2018)

  • Some versions have more than 400 miles of range

View year by year changes

Similar vehicles

Customers who look at a Tesla Model S also often look at these similar vehicles:

Changes by year

Latest generation from 2012 - present

2022 Tesla Model S

2022 Tesla Model S Plaid

New for 2022

  • Power-swiveling capability added for the center touchscreen 

  • Previous Long Range trim is now simply known as Model S

  • Available models: Model S, Plaid

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2021 Tesla Model S

2021 Tesla Model S Long Range

New for 2021

  • New ultra-performance Plaid version debuts, with three electric motors, 1,020 horsepower, and 0-60 mph acceleration of 2 seconds

  • Plaid version replaces the Model S Performance

  • Updated interior features more premium materials, horizontally oriented touchscreen, yoke-style steering

  • New driver information display and rear-passenger entertainment display

  • Available models: Long Range (EPA-estimated 405-mile range), Plaid (EPA-estimated 348-mile range)

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2020 Tesla Model S

2020 Tesla Model S Long Range

New for 2020

  • Long Range Plus replaces Long Range (midyear change)

  • Available models: Long Range, Long Range Plus (EPA-estimated 402-mile range), Performance

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2019 Tesla Model S

2019 Tesla Model S P100D

New for 2019

  • Revised lineup; version names with numbers are phased out

  • Available models: Standard Range (285-mile range), Extended Range (335 miles), Long Range (370 miles), Performance (315-345 miles)

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2018 Tesla Model S

2018 Tesla Model S 100D

New for 2018

  • 60 and 60D discontinued, making 75D the lowest-priced model

  • All Model S trims feature all-wheel drive

  • Third-row seat option discontinued

  • Executive Rear Seat package discontinued

  • Available models: 75D, 100D, P100D

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2017 Tesla Model S

2017 Tesla Model S 100D

New for 2017

  • 100D (EPA-estimated 335-mile range) and P100D (EPA-estimated 315-mile range) introduced, the longest-range and quickest models to date

  • P100D capable of 0-60 mph in about 2.5 seconds, making it the quickest production car in the world at the time

  • Air suspension standard

  • Available models: 60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D, 100D, P100D

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2016 Tesla Model S

2016 Tesla Model S 75

New for 2016

  • New front-end styling removes black grille insert

  • 70 and 70D replaced by 60 and 60D (EPA-estimated 218-mile range)

  • 75 (EPA-estimated 249-mile range) and 75D (EPA-estimated 259-mile range) introduced as midrange model

  • Available models: 60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D, P90D

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2015 Tesla Model S

2015 Tesla Model S

New for 2015

  • P85 replaced by P90 (EPA-estimated 253-mile range) midyear

  • 70D (EPA-estimated 240-mile range) added to lineup, providing dual-motor system at a lower price

  • Autopilot suite of advanced driver assist systems introduced as extra-cost software upgrade to 2014 and newer cars

  • Available models: 60, 70D, P85, P85D, P90, P90D

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2014 Tesla Model S

2014 Tesla Model S Performance

New for 2014

  • New P85D introduces new dual-motor drivetrain, adding all-wheel drive

  • 60D also introduced as lower-price all-wheel-drive version

  • Safety updates include new 360-degree sonar system, automatic emergency braking, later used with Autopilot software upgrade

  • Available models: 60, 85, P85, P85D

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2013 Tesla Model S

2013 Tesla Model S Performance

New for 2013

  • Available models: 60, 85, P85

  • 40-kWh model dropped

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2012 Tesla Model S

2012 Tesla Model S

New for 2012

  • Available models: 40, 60, 85, P85

  • All-new Tesla Model S debuts

  • Three models available with 40-kWh, 60-kWh and 85-kWh battery packs, known as Model S 40 (EPA-estimated 139-mile range), 60 (EPA-estimated 208-mile range), and 85 (EPA-estimated 265-mile range)

  • Trim designation corresponds to battery size; e.g., Model S P85 features the 85-kWh battery with the Performance package

  • 17-inch vertical touchscreen standard in all models

  • Available rear-facing third-row seat for children features built-in seatbelts

  • Available air suspension

  • Range up to 265 miles, the highest range of any EV at the time

  • Sleek hatchback shape with more than 26 cubic feet of cargo space

  • “Frunk” front storage adds additional 5.3 cubic feet of cargo room

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