Tesla Model S generational hero

Tesla Model S

by Edmunds Editors

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Edmunds' vehicle review experts weigh in on what matters most when you're looking to buy a truck or car

The 2024 Tesla Model S is a luxury electric sedan with impressive range and seat-pinning acceleration. Tesla doesn't do traditional model year updates and instead prefers to add or change features throughout the year, so there are few significant changes for 2024.

2023 and older Tesla Model S

Get our expert take on used Tesla Model S models, or view year-by-year changes.

First generation
2012 - 2024
2012-present Tesla Model S generation
$41,998 - $130,998*
Model S shoppers often view these similar vehicles

2012 - 2024

2012-present Tesla Model S generation

First generation Tesla Model S

The Tesla Model S was the company’s breakthrough model, designed from the ground up as an electric car from the outset. It continues to be a benchmark for an all-electric luxury sedan. Unlike every other automaker, Tesla iterates on the same vehicle over a long period of time rather than introducing new generations every few years. Today’s Model S looks similar to the original that went on sale in 2012, but under the skin there have been dramatic changes. 

Overall range has grown from a maximum of 265 miles to more than 400 miles today, all-wheel drive is an option, and power has increased dramatically. Tesla’s eight-year/150,000 mile battery warranty ensures at least 70% of original capacity, providing used-car shoppers peace of mind. You can charge at home or at a public charging station using an adapter, or you can take advantage of Tesla’s exclusive network of Supercharger fast-charging stations.

The styling was subtly tweaked for a sleeker look in 2016, and the interior received a thorough upgrade in 2021. The company also knows how to have fun, giving its most powerful features and models tongue-in-cheek names inspired by the Mel Brooks’ sci-fi spoof Spaceballs, like the Ludicrous acceleration mode or the Plaid high-performance model that debuted for 2021. Though the names may be silly, the car is no joke, and it remains a strong competitor even against newer EVs from established luxury brands.

$41,998 - $130,998

Model highlights

  • Model S Plaid features more than 1,000 hp, blistering acceleration

  • Over-the-air (OTA) updates to vehicle software keep older models up-to-date

  • Available with folding rear-facing third row (until 2018)

  • Some versions have more than 400 miles of range

  • Access to the Tesla Supercharger network

View year by year changes

Similar vehicles

Customers who look at a Tesla Model S also often look at these similar vehicles:

Changes by year

Latest generation from 2012 - 2024

2024 Tesla Model S

2023 Tesla Model S Plaid


  • No significant changes

2023 Tesla Model S

2023 Tesla Model S Plaid


  • Round steering wheel available again

  • Key card replaces standard key fob

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2022 Tesla Model S

2022 Tesla Model S Plaid


  • Power-swiveling capability added for the center touchscreen

  • Previous Long Range trim is now simply known as Model S

  • Available models: Model S, Plaid

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2021 Tesla Model S

2021 Tesla Model S Long Range


  • New ultra-performance Plaid version replaces Model S Performance and features three electric motors and 1,020 horsepower

  • Updated interior features more premium materials, horizontally oriented touchscreen, yoke-style steering

  • New driver information display and rear-passenger entertainment display
    Available models: Long Range, Plaid

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2020 Tesla Model S

2020 Tesla Model S Long Range


  • Long Range Plus replaces Long Range (midyear change)

  • Available models: Long Range, Long Range Plus, Performance

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2019 Tesla Model S

2019 Tesla Model S P100D


  • Revised lineup; version names with numbers are phased out

  • Available models: Standard Range, Extended Range, Long Range, Performance

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2018 Tesla Model S

2018 Tesla Model S 100D


  • 60 and 60D discontinued, making 75D the lowest-priced model

  • All Model S trims feature all-wheel drive

  • Third-row seat and Executive Rear Seat package discontinued

  • Available models: 75D, 100D, P100D

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2017 Tesla Model S

2017 Tesla Model S 100D


  • 100D (EPA-estimated 335-mile range) and P100D (EPA-estimated 315-mile range) introduced, the longest-range and quickest models to date

  • Air suspension standard

  • Available models: 60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D, 100D, P100D

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2016 Tesla Model S

2016 Tesla Model S 75


  • New front-end styling removes black grille insert

  • 70 and 70D replaced by 60 and 60D (EPA-estimated 218-mile range)

  • 75 (EPA-estimated 249-mile range) and 75D (EPA-estimated 259-mile range) introduced as midrange model

  • Available models: 60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D, P90D

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2015 Tesla Model S

2015 Tesla Model S


  • P85 replaced by P90 (EPA-estimated 253-mile range) midyear

  • 70D (EPA-estimated 240-mile range) added to lineup, providing dual-motor system at a lower price

  • Autopilot suite of advanced driver assist systems introduced as extra-cost software upgrade to 2014 and newer cars

  • Available models: 60, 70D, P85, P85D, P90, P90D

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2014 Tesla Model S

2014 Tesla Model S Performance


  • New P85D introduces new dual-motor drivetrain, adding all-wheel drive

  • 60D also introduced as lower-price all-wheel-drive version

  • Safety updates include new 360-degree sonar system, automatic emergency braking, later used with Autopilot software upgrade

  • Available models: 60, 85, P85, P85D

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2013 Tesla Model S

2013 Tesla Model S Performance


  • 40-kWh model dropped

  • Available models: 60, 85, P85

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2012 Tesla Model S

2012 Tesla Model S


  • All-new Tesla Model S debuts

  • 17-inch vertical touchscreen standard in all models

  • Available rear-facing third-row seat for children features built-in seatbelts

  • Available air suspension

  • Range up to 265 miles, the highest range of any EV at the time

  • Sleek hatchback shape with more than 26 cubic feet of cargo space

  • “Frunk” front storage adds additional 5.3 cubic feet of cargo room

  • Available models: 40, 60, 85, P85

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